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Exercise 9 - SANS Data Analysis using SasView


This exercise will introduce you to analysing SANS data using geometrical models in SasView. You will first look at how different shapes produce different scattering patterns, and how the model parameters affect the scattering pattern. You will then load some real SANS data and attempt to fit models to the data in SasView.

The exercise is divided into 3 sections:

  1. Familiarisation with !SasView
  2. Exploring geometrical models
  3. Fitting SANS data

Before beginning the exercise, you must first ensure that SasView is installed. If you have not done so already, follow these installation instructions.

Tasks you should perform are show as:

TASK: Do this thing

1. Familiarisation with SasView

TASK: Start SasView. The application should open and look something like the images below.

The SasView user interface contains 4 main areas:

  • The Data Explorer
    • This is where data is loaded and can then be plotted or sent to the various types of analysis.
    • Models not associated with data (called "Theories" in !Sasview) can be plotted and converted to datasets.
  • The Analysis Panel (which defaults to showing Fitting)
    • This is where you do the work of analysing data or generating theories
    • SasView currently supports four analysis tools:
      • Fitting - for theory generation or model fitting to 1D and 2D SANS, SAXS, or SESANS data
      • P(r) Inversion - for converting I(Q) to P(r)
      • Invariant - for calculating the scattering invariant from a 1D data set
      • Correlation Function - for performing a correlation function analysis of a 1D data set
  • The plot windows (which appear when something is plotted)
  • The menus, toolbar, and status area.

The capabilities of SasView are described in more detail in the application documentation with links to the relevant parts of the documentation available as "Help" buttons in each part of the GUI.

TASK: Briefly familiarise yourself with SasView panels, menus and documentation. Try changing to different analysis tools.

2. Exploring geometrical models

3. Fitting SANS data

This part of the exercise will use real SANS data taken from a study of surfactant self assembly in deep eutectic solvents (DES)

Background information

Deep eutectic solvents are a class of ionic liquids formed from a hydrogen bond donor and a halide salt. At a certain mixture ratio, the eutectic mixture, the melting point is significantly depressed to values below room temperature.

Here we will examine the self-assembly of a surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in the deep eutectic solvent formed from a 1:2 molar ratio mixture of choline chloride and urea.

Sodium Dodecyl SulfateStructure of SDSCholine ChlorideStructure of choline chlorideUreaStructure of Urea

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